Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are conditions where the body isn’t able to control blood sugar levels the right way, leading to your blood sugar getting too high or too low. There are a few big differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes though.
We don’t really know why type 1 diabetes happens, but scientists think that it mostly has to do with your genes. Blood sugar levels in the body are controlled by insulin which is made in an organ called the pancreas. For people with type 1 diabetes, their pancreas doesn’t make insulin. People with type 1 diabetes have to take insulin shots to live.
Type 2 diabetes mainly happens because of lifestyle choices like diet and exercise. Your genes can also make you more likely to get type 2 diabetes. For people with type 2 diabetes, insulin isn’t used the right way by the body. This can lead to the pancreas not making enough insulin, which can make the things worse. Most people with type 2 diabetes do not need insulin shots to live. But they do need other treatments. Type 2 diabetes can be treated with lifestyle changes and other kinds of medicines.
There are lots of differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. But what isn’t different is the damage all types of diabetes can do to your body. Untreated diabetes can harm your heart, kidneys, eyes, circulation, and nervous system.
Type 1, you got none.
Type 2, it’s what you do.